Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Citing Sources

This guide provides information and resources to assist with citing your sources and avoiding plagiarism

About Citations

Citations consist of standard elements, and contain all the information necessary to identify and track down publications, including:

  • author name(s)
  • titles of books, articles, and journals
  • date of publication
  • page numbers
  • volume and issue numbers (for articles)

It's important to cite sources you used in your research for several reasons:

  • To support your research and give your work a factual basis
  • To be a responsible scholar by giving credit to other researchers and acknowledging their ideas
  • To avoid plagiarism by quoting words and ideas used by other authors
  • To provide your reader all of the information needed to track down the sources you used

It doesn't matter where you get the information you are using- When in doubt cite it:

  • Direct Quotes
  • Paraphrases (rephrased or summarized material)
  • Ideas from another work
  • Graphs, diagrams, drawings

You do not need to cite:

  • Proverbs, sayings example
  • Common knowledge or facts*

*Widely-known, generally-accepted information that is not attributable to one source.

Citations may look different, depending on what is being cited and which style was used to create them.  The citation style usually depends on the academic discipline involved. Some examples are below:

  • AMA (American Medical Association) is often used for scholarly writing about medicine or health-related topics
  • APA (American Psychological Association)  preferred by most of the disciplines in the social sciences.
  • MLA (Modern Language Association) is widely used in the Humanities
  • Chicago (University of Chicago) is generally used by History and some of the Fine Arts
  • CSE (Council of Science Editors) is the format preferred by writers in many disciplines in the natural sciences.

Whatever citation style you use, be CONSISTENT.  

Style Guides

Print Resources

 

Online Resources

 

Disclaimer:  These online sites are maintained by third parties outside of ACPHS Library Services and are only intended as guides to citation format..  Your professor or editor is the final authority.

Print Resources

Online Resources

 

Disclaimer:  These online sites are maintained by third parties outside of ACPHS Library Services and are only intended as guides to citation format..  Your professor or editor is the final authority.

Print Resources

Online Resources

 

Disclaimer:  These online sites are maintained by third parties outside of ACPHS Library Services and are only intended as guides to citation format.  Your professor or editor is the final authority.

Print Resources

Online Resources

 

Disclaimer:  These online sites are maintained by third parties outside of ACPHS Library Services and are only intended as guides to citation format.  Your professor or editor is the final authority.

Print Resources

Online Resources

 

Disclaimer:  These online sites are maintained by third parties outside of ACPHS Library Services and are only intended as guides to citation format.  Your professor or editor is the final authority.

Online Resources

 

Disclaimer:  These online sites are maintained by third parties outside of ACPHS Library Services and are only intended as guides to citation format.  Your professor or editor is the final authority.

ACPHS Vancouver Citation Style Guide

The Vancouver Style was first put forth by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors in 1978 and has been adopted by biomedical publishers worldwide. Is it used primarily in health sciences and medicine.