Skip to Main Content

Vancouver Citation Style Guide


Journal articles should be cited using this format even if they are found online. Do not use the format for web pages to cite journal articles.

Abbreviations of journal titles conform to those found in the PubMed Journals Database. Enter the full title in the search field and locate the NLM title abbreviation

Names of all authors should be given unless there are more than 6, in which case the names of only the first 3 authors are used followed by "et al."


Ask Us

JavaScript is required to use this feature.

Format for Print & Online Journal Articles

Article author(s). Article title. Journal title abbreviated. Year Month Day of publication; volume number(issue number):inclusive pages.

Examples of Article Citations

Standard Journal Articles up to Six Authors

Daugirdas JT. Estimating weekly urine flow rate and residual kidney urea clearance: a method to deal with interdialytic variability. Semin Dial. 2016 Nov;29(6):510-514.

Morfin JA, Fluck RJ, Weinhandl ED, Kansal S, McCullough PA, Komenda P. Intensive hemodialysis and treatment complications and tolerability. Am J Kidney Dis. 2016 Nov;68(5S1):S43-S50

More than Six Authors

Barbosa PC, Strassman RJ, da Silveira DX, et al. Psychological and neuropsychological assessment of regular hoasca users. Compr Psychiatry. 2016 Nov;71:95-105. 

No Author Listed

Salmonella in backyard poultry. JAMA. 2016 Sep 13;316(10):1036. 

Letter to the Editor

Latus H, Yerebakan C, Akintuerk H, Schranz D. Transcatheter interatrial communications for the treatment of left heart disease: application in the pediatric population [letter].​ J Heart Lung Transplant. 2016 Oct;35(10):1274-1275.

Published Abstract including Volume Supplement

Want LL, Ratner RE, Uwaifo GI. Safety and tolerability of long-term pramlintide therapy [abstract]. Diabetes. 2004 June; 53 Suppl 2:A150.