From one of the world's leading experts on unconscious racial bias come stories, science, and strategies to address one of the central controversies of our time. How do we talk about bias? How do we address racial disparities and inequities? What role do our institutions play in creating, maintaining, and magnifying those inequities? What role do we play? With a perspective that is at once scientific, investigative, and informed by personal experience, Dr. Jennifer Eberhardt offers us the language and courage we need to face one of the biggest and most troubling issues of our time. She exposes racial bias at all levels of society--in our neighborhoods, schools, workplaces, and criminal justice system. Yet she also offers us tools to address it. Eberhardt shows us how we can be vulnerable to bias but not doomed to live under its grip. Racial bias is a problem that we all have a role to play in solving.
Blindspot by Mahzarin R. Banaji; Anthony G. Greenwald
Call Number: BF 575 B262 2013
Publication Date: 2013-02-12
I know my own mind. I am able to assess others in a fair and accurate way. These self-perceptions are challenged by leading psychologists Mahzarin R. Banaji and Anthony G. Greenwald as they explore the hidden biases we all carry from a lifetime of exposure to cultural attitudes about age, gender, race, ethnicity, religion, social class, sexuality, disability status, and nationality. "Blindspot" is the authors' metaphor for the portion of the mind that houses hidden biases. Banaji and Greenwald question the extent to which our perceptions of social groups--without our awareness or conscious control--shape our likes and dislikes and our judgments about people's character, abilities, and potential. In Blindspot, the authors reveal hidden biases based on their experience with the Implicit Association Test, a method that has revolutionized the way scientists learn about the human mind and that gives us a glimpse into what lies within the metaphoric blindspot. The title's "good people" are those of us who strive to align our behavior with our intentions. The aim of Blindspot is to explain the science in plain enough language to help well-intentioned people achieve that alignment. By gaining awareness, we can adapt beliefs and behavior and "outsmart the machine" in our heads so we can be fairer to those around us. Venturing into this book is an invitation to understand our own minds.
Essentials of Cultural Competence in Pharmacy Practice by Kimberly Vess Halbur; Duane Anthony Halbur
Call Number: QV 21 E873 2008
Publication Date: 2008-04-01
This practical text offers the opportunity for pharmacists and student pharmacists to explore their own cultural background, the health care needs inherent across cultures and to effectively hone communication and competency skills needed to work effectively with patients and other health care providers from diverse cultures.
A framework for educating health professionals to address the social determinants of health.
Seeing Patients by Augustus A. White; David Chanoff (As told to)
Call Number: W 84 AA1 W547 2011 VT
Publication Date: 2011-01-15
If you're going to have a heart attack, an organ transplant, or a joint replacement, here's the key to getting the very best medical care: be a white, straight, middle-class male. In Seeing Patients White, a pioneering Black surgeon, draws upon his experience in startlingly different worlds to make sense of the unconscious bias that riddles medical treatment, and to explore what it means for health care in a diverse twenty-first-century America. White and coauthor David Chanoff use extensive research and interviews with leading physicians to show how subconscious stereotyping influences doctor-patient interactions, diagnosis, and treatment. Their book brings together insights from the worlds of social psychology, neuroscience, and clinical practice to define the issues clearly and, most importantly, to outline a concrete approach to fixing this fundamental inequity in the delivery of health care.
A practical handbook for learning and teaching sociology and psychology, and applying this to pharmacy practice, this book explains the relationship between the principles, methodologies and theories of the social and behavioural sciences and their application to pharmacy practice. This book is written using an outcomes-based approach and contains 15 case studies to elucidate how to apply the relevant psycho-social knowledge to everyday pharmacy issues.
Mind the Gap was developed to showcase clinical signs of diseases on black and brown skin. The authors' stated goal is "to see the impact of this educational platform result in earlier and more accurate diagnosis, increased patient satisfaction and greater confidence amongst healthcare professionals when treating people of colour."
Provides educators with practice-based, peer-reviewed resources to teach anti-racist knowledge and clinical skills, elevates the educational scholarship of anti-racist curricula, and aims to convene a community of collaborators dedicated to the elimination of racism within medical education.
Network of the National Library of Medicine (NNLM) Clinical Conversations modules include: Health Literacy, Cultural Humility, Social Determinants of Health, Motivational Interviewing, Evidence-Based Practice, Shared Decision Making
Each month, ECRI Guidelines Trust highlights a different patient population and addresses diseases/conditions that disproportionately affect that group/community. Included are articles of interest on select clinical topics or populations, and guidelines with selected recommendations excerpted from the original guideline.
The Implicit Association Test (IAT) measures attitudes and beliefs that people may be unwilling or unable to report. The IAT may be especially interesting if it shows that you have an implicit attitude that you did not know about. Take a test to learn more about your automatic associations.
tools, research, tips, curricula, and ideas for people who want to increase their own understanding and to help those working for racial justice at every level – in systems, organizations, communities, and the culture at large.
Serving Diverse Communities is a three-part series of online trainings focused on accessing health information resources related to working with diverse communities. Each training session is offered individually, and attendees can choose to participate in one or all sessions. The training sessions are:
Accessing Health Information in Multiple Languages, Finding Data on Health Disparities, Building Cultural Competence and Humility into the Workplace
Cultural humility is a process of self-reflection and discovery in order to build honest and trustworthy relationships. It offers promise for researchers to understand and eliminate health disparities, a continual and disturbing problem necessitating attention and action on many levels. This paper presents a discussion of the process of cultural humility and its important role in research to better understand the perspectives and context of the researcher and the research participant.
This essay uses three historical case studies to illustrate how extraclinical stigma, socioeconomic factors, and politics can shape diagnostic and treatment disparities. The authors explore how attention to structure helps explain the role of race in clinical encounters. Finally, the authors draw some lessons for medical education that take account of structure.
Free CE from the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. The session explores strategies to foster effective communication with others as an approach to addressing healthcare disparity. Participants will learn and apply techniques they can incorporate immediately into their practice. You will leave prepared to facilitate more impactful and meaningful conversations with patients and colleagues.
Free CE from the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. Learners will be able to describe how identities, implicit bias, and beliefs can influence healthcare conversations, evaluate approaches to facilitate self-exploration and inclusive conversations, and develop a plan to assess, implement, and monitor conversations with patients.
Free CE from the American Health-System Pharmacists Association. Provides practical tools and methods to effectively drive positive change to foster workplace environments that are inclusive and supportive for all. Effective leaders implement best practices through recruiting efforts, organizational diversification, and inclusive communication strategies to ensure everyone is respected and valued regardless of their cultural background or personal identity. Pharmacy leaders will learn proven strategies for success to enhance diversity, equity, and inclusion within their respective departments and teams.
Free CE from the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. Excellent, caring, compassionate and technically adept health professionals may unwittingly contribute to biases in healthcare. Hesitancy of patients and clinicians to use statins, mixed messages regarding use of opioids for post-surgical, chronic and cancer pain, and requests for brand-name medications are current examples in which biases often play a role. Pharmacists may feel caught in the middle in these and other situations in which they perceive that clinician and patient biases interfere with high-quality care. This session will provide attendees with better awareness of individual and systems contributions to bias and how awareness has the potential to guide changes that will promote guideline-concordant and compassionate care for those who need it most.